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Steering the Ship: Women and Forest Conservation in the Progressive-Era West
AuthorKnoll, Angela M.
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This thesis examines the efforts of western clubwomen during the Progressive Era toward the protection of forested areas. Looking at the development of the Women’s Club Movement in the United States as a whole and their expansion from literary clubs to the civic-minded issues labeled “municipal housekeeping,” it addresses the clubwomen’s transition towards interest in the issue of forest conservation. Women’s clubs were instrumental in creating multiple national and state parks across the nation with a campaign that began in western states by western women. At times, their work in forest conservation came at the behest of men, but they often worked towards protecting forested lands for their own interests. Many times, men were their collaborators; other times, they stood as adversaries. However, through their various methods and resolve, western women played a significant role in safeguarding millions of acres of timberlands for the use and enjoyment of future generations.