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KSHV encoded LANA contributes to viral latent replication by activating phosphorylation of Survivin
Jha, Hem C.
Verma, Subhash C.
Robertson, Erle S.
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Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a human gammaherpesvirus casually linked to Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD), and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). Previously, we showed that LANA encoded by KSHV upregulates expression of survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family. This leads to an increase in the rate of cell proliferation of KSHV-infected B cells. LANA is required for tethering of the KSHV episome to the host chromosomes and efficiently segregates the viral genomes into dividing tumor cells. Here we show that LANA interacts with Aurora kinase B (AK-B) and induces phosphorylation of survivin at residue T34. Phosphorylation of survivin specifically on residue T34 enhances the activity of p300 and inhibits the activity of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC-1), which then leads to an increase in acetylation of histone H3 on the viral genome. Phosphorylation of survivin specifically on residue T34 upregulates the activities of histone acetyltransferases and deacetylases, which then leads to an increase in viral copy number in KSHV-infected B cells. This results in a boost of KSHV replication in latently infected B-lymphoma cells. The studies showed that LANA can also function to regulate viral replication prior to mitosis of the latently infected cells, suggesting that LANA possesses a novel role in regulating KSHV replication in infected B cells.