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Application of simulated annealing inversion on high-frequency fundamental-mode Rayleigh wave dispersion curves
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The simulated annealing (SA) inversion technique has been successfully applied for solving various nonlinear geophysical problems. Following previous developments, we modified the SA inversion, yielding 1D shallow S-wave velocity profiles from high frequency fundamental-mode Rayleigh dispersion curves, and validated the inversion with blind tests. Unlike previous applications of SA, this study draws random numbers from a standard Gaussian distribution. The numbers simultaneously perturb both S-wave velocities and the layer thickness of models. The annealing temperature is gradually decreased following a polynomial-time cooling schedule. Phase velocities are calculated using the reflectivity-transmission coefficient method. The reliability of the model resulting from our implementation is evaluated by statistically calculating the expected values of model parameters and their covariance matrices. Blind tests on two field and 12 synthetic Rayleigh dispersion data sets show that our SA implementation works well for S-wave velocity inversion of dispersion curves from high-frequency fundamental-mode Rayleigh waves. Blind estimates of layer S-wave velocities fall within one standard deviation of the velocities of the original synthetic models in 78% of cases.