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Seismic Retrofit of Bridge Footings and Column-Footing Connections
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This study presents analysis and testing of 0.4-scale as-built and retrofitted reinforced concrete column-footing models under a constant axial load and cyclic lateral displacements simulating earthquakes. Focus was on spread footings and column-footing connections. The as-built model testing indicated that (1) the footing had insufficient flexural capacity with early strength degradation; (2) cracks on top of the footing appeared early; (3) computed soil-pressure underneath the footing was higher than the allowable pressure. The retrofit measures included (1) increasing the footing dimensions to improve flexural capacity and soil-pressure under it, and providing a reinforced concrete overlay to minimize cracks; (2) confining the column potential plastic hinge region and enhancing its shear strength using a steel jacket; (3) providing a steel moment-connection between column and footing using a steel base-plate. Test showed that the retrofitted footing performed very well, and the base-plate yielding was associated with stable hysteresis loops and large energy dissipation (Abstract by authors).
Report No. CCEER-95-7