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Does the Dilution Effect Have a Conversational Basis?
The dilution effect refers to the finding that judgments are often unduly influenced by nondiagnostic information, producing regressive judgment. The hypothesis of a conversational basis of the dilution effect, advanced ...
The Ups and Downs of Thinking About a Successful Other: Self Construals and the Consequences of Social Comparisons
We hypothesized that the consequences of upward social comparisons are mediated by independent versus interdependent content of self-construals. independent self-construals emphasize personal uniqueness; thus comparison ...
Is Diagnostic Evidence on the Dilution Effect Weakened When Nondiagnostic Objections Are Added? A Response to Igou (2007)
Kemmelmeier (2007) challenges the notion of conversational basis of the dilution effect by providing a reanalysis of Igou and Bless (2005), new data, and a meta-analysis. Responding to this evidence, Igou (2007) raises a ...
Individualism, Authoritarianism, and Attitudes Toward Assisted Death: Cross?Cultural, Cross?Regional, and Experimental Evidence
We hypothesized that in individualistic cultures, individualism predicts positive attitudes toward assisted death, whereas authoritarianism is negatively associated with favorable views of this issue. Study I confirmed ...
What Predicts Loneliness? Cultural Difference Between Individualistic and Collectivistic Societies in Europe
Using two multilevel analyses of residents in 12 (1992 Eurobarometer; N = 3,902) and 22 (2006 European Social Survey, N = 38,867) European societies, respectively, we examined loneliness as a function of dominant cultural ...
The Effects of Race and Social Dominance Orientation in Simulated Juror Decision Making
Recent mock-jury research often has found no evidence that White jurors are more likely to convict and impose harsher sentences on Black compared to White defendants. Drawing on social dominance theory (Sidanius & Pratto, ...