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Individualism, Authoritarianism, and Attitudes Toward Assisted Death: Cross?Cultural, Cross?Regional, and Experimental Evidence
We hypothesized that in individualistic cultures, individualism predicts positive attitudes toward assisted death, whereas authoritarianism is negatively associated with favorable views of this issue. Study I confirmed ...
Divorce Attitudes Around the World: Distinguishing the Impact of Culture on Evaluations and Attitude Structure
This article examines the link between culture and divorce attitudes using country-level data of the International Social Survey Programme 1994. Outside of examining the favorability of attitudes, we distinguish different ...
How Competition Is Viewed Across Cultures: A Test of Four Theories
Competition is a pervasive aspect of human life. Yet the values and attitudes that people have concerning competition vary widely, from the belief that it underpins the social order to the belief that it corrodes positive ...
The Ups and Downs of Thinking About a Successful Other: Self Construals and the Consequences of Social Comparisons
We hypothesized that the consequences of upward social comparisons are mediated by independent versus interdependent content of self-construals. independent self-construals emphasize personal uniqueness; thus comparison ...
Inept Reasoners or Pragmatic Virtuosos? Relevance and the Deontic Selection Task
Most individuals fail the selection task, selecting P and Q cases, when they have to test descriptive rules of the form "If P, then Q". But they solve it, selecting P and not-Q cases, when they have to test deontic rules ...
Is Diagnostic Evidence on the Dilution Effect Weakened When Nondiagnostic Objections Are Added? A Response to Igou (2007)
Kemmelmeier (2007) challenges the notion of conversational basis of the dilution effect by providing a reanalysis of Igou and Bless (2005), new data, and a meta-analysis. Responding to this evidence, Igou (2007) raises a ...
Rethinking Individualism and Collectivism: Evaluation of Theoretical Assumptions and Meta-Analyses
Oyserman et al summarize plausible psychological implications of individualism-collectivism (IND-COL), meta-analyze cross-national and within-US IND-COL differences, and review evidence for effects of IND-COL on self-concept, ...
Does the Dilution Effect Have a Conversational Basis?
The dilution effect refers to the finding that judgments are often unduly influenced by nondiagnostic information, producing regressive judgment. The hypothesis of a conversational basis of the dilution effect, advanced ...
Child Sexual Abuse, Peer Sexual Abuse, and Sexual Assault in Adulthood: A Multi-Risk Model of Revictimization
This study explored the predictors and consequences of sexual assault occurring after the age of 16 years in a nonclinical sample of women. Child sexual abuse occurring before the age of 16 years was the only predictor of ...