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How Competition Is Viewed Across Cultures: A Test of Four Theories
Competition is a pervasive aspect of human life. Yet the values and attitudes that people have concerning competition vary widely, from the belief that it underpins the social order to the belief that it corrodes positive ...
Opposite Ends of the Same Stick? Multi-Method Test of the Dimensionality of Individualism and Collectivism
The construct of individualism-collectivism (IND-COL) has become the definitive standard in cross-cultural psychology, management, and related fields. It is also among the most controversial, in particular, with regard to ...
Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”
We know that there are cross-cultural differences in psychological variables, such as individualism/collectivism. But it has not been clear which of these variables show relatively the greatest differences. The Survey of ...