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Racial-ethnic minorities are at risk of academic disengagement: pulling back effort in school. Our model focuses on the implications of content of racial-ethnic self-schemas (RES) for disengagement. We postulate that risk ...
Gendered Influence of Downward Social Comparisons on Current and Possible Selves
Because men and women differ with regard to independent and interdependent self-construals, we propose that downward comparisons are more likely to lower women's achievement- related self-evaluations compared to men's. We ...