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The Ups and Downs of Thinking About a Successful Other: Self Construals and the Consequences of Social Comparisons
We hypothesized that the consequences of upward social comparisons are mediated by independent versus interdependent content of self-construals. independent self-construals emphasize personal uniqueness; thus comparison ...
Gendered Influence of Downward Social Comparisons on Current and Possible Selves
Because men and women differ with regard to independent and interdependent self-construals, we propose that downward comparisons are more likely to lower women's achievement- related self-evaluations compared to men's. We ...