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The Ups and Downs of Thinking About a Successful Other: Self Construals and the Consequences of Social Comparisons
We hypothesized that the consequences of upward social comparisons are mediated by independent versus interdependent content of self-construals. independent self-construals emphasize personal uniqueness; thus comparison ...
Rethinking Individualism and Collectivism: Evaluation of Theoretical Assumptions and Meta-Analyses
Oyserman et al summarize plausible psychological implications of individualism-collectivism (IND-COL), meta-analyze cross-national and within-US IND-COL differences, and review evidence for effects of IND-COL on self-concept, ...
Racial-ethnic minorities are at risk of academic disengagement: pulling back effort in school. Our model focuses on the implications of content of racial-ethnic self-schemas (RES) for disengagement. We postulate that risk ...
Gendered Influence of Downward Social Comparisons on Current and Possible Selves
Because men and women differ with regard to independent and interdependent self-construals, we propose that downward comparisons are more likely to lower women's achievement- related self-evaluations compared to men's. We ...
Cultural Psychology, A New Look: Reply to Bond (2002), Fiske (2002), Kitayama (2002), and Miller (2002)
M. H. Bond (2002) , A. P. Fiske (2002) , S. Kitayama (2002) , and J. G. Miller (2002) joined D. Oyserman, H. M. Coon, and M. Kemmelmeier (2002) in highlighting limitations of the individualism-collectivism model of culture. ...