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Liberalism and the Security Dilemma: Are International Institutions Effective?
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On October 24, 1945, the United Nations was founded upon the belief that states could come together and prevent future wars through peaceful discussion. Since then, many international organizations have been created to help mitigate the security dilemma between states. However, there have still been insecurities and conflicts between states, which call into question the effectiveness of international organizations. This thesis seeks to analyze how various international organizations have either succeeded or failed at lessening insecurities and ending conflicts between states, and ultimately determine whether or not they are effective. To do this, three case studies are analyzed: the border dispute between Thailand and Cambodia, the near invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in 1961, and the history of conflict between of India and Pakistan. These case studies illuminate instances of successes and failures of international organizations at mitigating the security dilemma. The case studies inform this study’s eventual determination regarding whether international organizations, as a whole, are effective in their role of mitigating the security dilemma.