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Analyzing the Impact of Population Level Differences and Socioeconomic Status on Subadult Age Estimation
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Age estimation is usually the sole contribution to the biological profile of a skeletally immature individual. Forensic anthropologists use dental and skeletal development to estimate age. It is regularly stated that there needs to be population-specific methods of age estimation that encompass population level and socioeconomic status differences (Esan, Yengopal, & Schepartz, 2017). While both population differences and SES is recognized as influencing growth, it is not known at what age the population differences or SES differences become apparent or influential to age estimations. The purpose of this study is to compare the skeletal and dental formations of South African and United States individuals aged 0-6 as a means to determine if differences in diaphyseal length and molar formation exist between the populations and if so, to quantify the magnitude. Furthermore, the study will create population specific and global models and test the accuracy and precision of MARS models