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Enhanced Performance of beta-Bi2O3 by In-Situ Photo-Conversion to Bi2O3-BiO2-x Composite Photoanode for Solar Water Splitting
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Ordered nanoporous bismuth oxide layer consisting of metastable beta-Bi2O3 phase that showed n-type semiconductivity was synthesized by a simple electrochemical anodization of bismuth substrate. When the anodic nanoporous beta-Bi2O3 samples were tested as photoanodes for solar water splitting application in 0.5 M Na2SO4 (pH: 5.8), and 1 M KOH (pH: 13.7), the photocurrent decayed continuously with time from an initial value of 0.95 mA/cm(2) under 1-sun illumination at a bias potential of 1.5 VRHE. Accumulation of photo generated holes at the photoanode/electrolyte was attributed to the photocurrent decay. Addition of methanol as sacrificial hole scavenger was not found to be effective for the bismuth oxide photoanodes. When hydrogen peroxide was added to the 0.5 M Na2SO4 electrolyte, the photocurrent density increased to similar to 4 mA/cm(2) and was stable for more than 1 h of illumination of AM1.5 global light at 1.5 V-RHE. Addition of hydrogen peroxide to the 1 M KOH solution showed a gradual increase in the photocurrent density for the first 300 seconds of light illumination to a maximum value of similar to 10 mA/cm(2) at 0.65 V-RHE and then it decreased continuously. The high photocurrent density of nanoporous beta-Bi2O3 in 1 M KOH + 0.3 M H2O2 was be attributed to the presence of photo-converted Bi2O4-x phase which harvested more light in the visible wavelengths. (C) The Author(s) 2016. Published by ECS. All rights reserved.
|Journal Title||Journal of The Electrochemical Society|
|Rights||Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International|