La New Mujer: How Economic Factors Redefine Gender Roles for Latina Immigrants
AdvisorPérez, Daniel Enrique
World Languages and Literature
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This study posits that Latina immigrants who participate in the U.S. workforce are empowered to redefine traditional gender roles as they gain economic autonomy. The scholar focuses on how gender roles are changing with greater economic gains in two specific spheres: the home and the workplace. The first part of this study elaborates on the state of Latina immigrants in the United States by drawing on the theory of Latina identity and the varied experiences of Latina immigrants. The second part focuses on family dynamics. Through the use of case studies, the scholar shows the diverse family experiences of Latina immigrants, from traditional nuclear families to transnational motherhood. The study then focuses on the disparities Latina immigrants face in the workspace. The following part examines how Latina immigrants are empowered to readjust gender roles in the home sphere and in the workspace due to economic gains. To conclude, the author offers suggestions for future research and ideas for creating public policy necessary to meet the needs of this group. More than half of Latina immigrants in the United States are employed. Moreover, in the current recession, women are keeping their jobs at a greater rate than men are. The economic and political prosperity of the United States will heavily depend on the standard of living and opportunities afforded to Latina immigrants.