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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Towards a unified model of behavior change
Well-established research programs should be evaluated relative to progress toward their stated purposes. The 35-year old program of development of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT; said as a word, not initials) ...
Deep convolutional networks do not classify based on global object shape
Deep convolutional networks (DCNNs) are achieving previously unseen performance in object classification, raising questions about whether DCNNs operate similarly to human vision. In biological vision, shape is arguably the ...
Color Vision 2018: Introduction by the feature editors
This feature issue of the Journal of the Optical Society of America A (JOSA A) reflects the basic and applied research interests of members of the color vision community. Most of the articles stem from presentations at the ...
Visual adaptation and the amplitude spectra of radiological images
We examined how visual sensitivity and perception are affected by adaptation to the characteristic amplitude spectra of X-ray mammography images. Because of the transmissive nature of X-ray photons, these images have ...
Optic flow detection is not influenced by visual-vestibular congruency
Optic flow patterns generated by self-motion relative to the stationary environment result in congruent visual-vestibular self-motion signals. Incongruent signals can arise due to object motion, vestibular dysfunction, or ...
Ecology of Freedom: Competitive Tests of the Role of Pathogens, Climate, and Natural Disasters in the Development of Socio-Political Freedom
Many countries around the world embrace freedom and democracy as part of their political culture. However, culture is at least in part a human response to the ecological challenges that a society faces
Context Modulates Congruency Effects in Selective Attention to Social Cues
Head and gaze directions are used during social interactions as essential cues to infer where someone attends. When head and gaze are oriented toward opposite directions, we need to extract socially meaningful information ...
Frontoparietal tDCS Benefits Visual Working Memory in Older Adults With Low Working Memory Capacity
Working memory (WM) permits maintenance of information over brief delays and is an essential executive function. Unfortunately, WM is subject to age-related decline. Some evidence supports the use of transcranial direct ...
Insufficient compensation for self-motion during perception of object speed: The vestibular Aubert-Fleischl phenomenon
To estimate object speed with respect to the self, retinal signals must be summed with extraretinal signals that encode the speed of eye and head movement. Prior work has shown that differences in perceptual estimates of ...
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Health Behavior Change: A Contextually-Driven Approach
Promoting health behavior change presents an important challenge to theory and research in the field of health psychology. In this paper, we introduce a contextdriven approach, the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) ...