Superstrengthening Bi2Te3 through nanotwinning
Morozov, Sergey I.
Goddard III, William A.
Snyder, G. Jeffrey
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Bismuth telluride (Bi_2Te_3) based thermoelectric (TE) materials have been commercialized successfully as solid-state power generators, but their low mechanical strength suggests that these materials may not be reliable for long-term use in TE devices. Here we use density functional theory to show that the ideal shear strength of Bi_2Te_3 can be significantly enhanced up to 215% by imposing nanoscale twins. We reveal that the origin of the low strength in single crystalline Bi_2Te_3 is the weak van der Waals interaction between the Te1 coupling two Te1?Bi?Te2?Bi?Te1 five-layer quint substructures. However, we demonstrate here a surprising result that forming twin boundaries between the Te1 atoms of adjacent quints greatly strengthens the interaction between them, leading to a tripling of the ideal shear strength in nanotwinned Bi_2Te_3 (0.6 GPa) compared to that in the single crystalline material (0.19 GPa). This grain boundary engineering strategy opens a new pathway for designing robust Bi_2Te_3 TE semiconductors for high-performance TE devices.
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