Equality Creates Restraint: Examining the Effect of Women’s Political Participation on Internal Conflict across Africa
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Africa experiences more intense and deadly internal conflict than any other region in the world (Collier and Hoeffler 2002). One of the structural effects of internal conflict has been an increase in women‘s political participation and representation (Hughes 2009; Tripp 2010). I seek to discover what impact this increase in women‘s political participation has had on African states engaging in internal conflict. I do this using a robust logistic regression model with time varying covariates across a base model of 29 African nations from 1995 to 2010. I have found that increased women‘s political participation does not have an effect on the likelihood of a state engaging in intrastate war, but does have a negative effect on the likelihood of a state using violent force against civilians. These findings are then supplemented by a case-study analysis of other forms of political participation the Republics of Liberia, Rwanda, and Uganda.