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The Effects of Job Demand and Job Control on Stress and Productivity in a Simulated Work Environment
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The job demand/job control model of occupational strain (Karasek, 1979) has been extensively researched since its formulation. The first two studies replicated prior findings in a simulated work environment while employing a within subject methodology. Experiments 3 and 4 extended research concerning workplace design and stress through a feedback manipulation. Results suggest immediate feedback results in lower reported stress, greater reported control, and lower experience of demand. Implications for organizations and questions raised by the current research are discussed.