Pre-Archaic Occupations in the West Arm of the Black Rock Desert
AuthorCamp, Anna Jeanne
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The relationship between humans and the environments in which they lived is a major topic of interest to archaeologists in the Great Basin. Many early archaeological sites occur on remnant shorelines of ancient lakes and marshes, suggesting a reliance on wetland resources within the region. Archaeological data collected between 2004 and 2006 from surface sites in the Black Rock Desert offer an example of early human occupations surrounding these pluvial lakes as well as the nature of these occupations. This study demonstrates how people concentrated their activities adjacent to large lakes and wetlands following their arrival to the Great Basin. It also compares the spatial and temporal relationships between archaeological sites and lake levels in the West Arm of the Black Rock Desert. The results indicate that the Black Rock Desert is an ideal place to better understand human occupations during the Pleistocene/Holocene transition (11,500 B.P.-7,500 B.P.).