Exploring the Predictive Utility of Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) with Respect to Performance in Organizations
AuthorSmith, Gregory Scott
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The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) has been used as a means of measuring implicit attitudes, or assessing implicit verbal relations, for several years. Much of the early work with IRAP consisted of validating the results obtained using the IRAP with those of another well-documented tool used for measuring implicit attitudes (i.e., IAT; see Barnes-Holmes, Barnes-Holmes, and colleagues). More recently, another iteration of the IRAP instrument, the Mixed Trial-IRAP (MT-IRAP), has emerged and early work has compared its results to those of previous studies employing the traditional IRAP instrument. Findings thus far have been promising, leading researchers to begin asking the next logical set of empirical questions; primarily, to what extent are the measures captured by the IRAP instruments indicative or predictive of more overt, probable patterns of behavior in naturalistic settings, such as the home, the workplace, or the community at large. Recent work has begun to address this question and more research is needed. The present study investigated this question as it related to patterns of behavior in organizational settings by asking participants to complete both of the two IRAP instruments comprising target stimuli related to the workplace and workplace behavior, in addition to exposing participants to an analog data entry work task, with dependent measures related to those concepts assessed in the IRAPs. IRAP results were then correlated with the overt behavior patterns from the analog work task to evaluate the extent to which the IRAP results were predictive of such behavior, in this particular (i.e., organizational) setting.