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Photoionization and photofragmentation of carbon fullerene molecular ions
AuthorBaral, Kiran Kumar
AdvisorPhaneuf, Ronald A
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Cross sections are reported for single and double photoionization accompanied by the loss of as many as seven pairs of C atoms of C60+ and C70+ fullerene molecular ions in the photon energy range 18 eV to 150 eV. These measurements were performed at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) by merging a mass-selected ion beam with a beam of monochromatized synchrotron radiation. Threshold energies were determined for the formation of doubly and triply charged fragment ions from parent ions C60+ and C70+. The energy dependences of cross-sections for direct photoionization yielding C602+ and C702+ are compared with those for forming different doubly and triply charged fullerene fragment ions.Two-dimensional product ion scans were measured and quantified at four discrete photon energies: 35 eV, 65 eV, 105 eV and 140 eV, in the vacuum ultraviolet region, providing a comprehensive mapping of the product channels involving single ionization of fullerene ions C60+ and C70+ accompanied by fragmentation. Since fullerenes are composed of even numbers of carbon atoms, the fragmentation occurs by the loss of differing numbers of carbon atom pairs. In addition to pure ionization, fragmentation product channels become relatively more important at higher photon energies.