Catlow Twine Basketry through Time and Space: Exploring Shifting Cultural Boundaries through Prehistoric and Ethnographic Basketry Technology in the Northwestern Great Basin
AdvisorSmith, Geoffrey M
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In this dissertation, I focus on Catlow Twine basketry and address several questions about connections between prehistoric and ethnographic groups in the Great Basin and how and when prehistoric populations moved across the landscape. My results suggest that: (1) diagnostic basketry types in the northwestern Great Basin can be used to track different ethnolinguistic groups through time and space; (2) continuity in technological attributes of Catlow Twine basketry suggests an early and widespread occupation of Penutian speaking groups in the northwestern Great Basin; and (3) the technological relationship between Catlow Twine and ethnographic Klamath-Modoc basketry reflects continuity in basket making traditions that was severely disrupted by contact with Euro-American settlers and the sale of Native American basketry during the Arts and Crafts Period (1880-1920).