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Evaluation of Thermal Oxidative Aging Effect on the Rheological Performance of Modified Asphalt Binders
AdvisorSebaaly, Peter E.
Civil and Environmental Engineering
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Modified asphalt binder, which is combined by base binder and additive modifier, has been implemented in pavement industry for more than 30 years. Recently, the oxidative aging mechanism of asphalt binder has been studied for several decades, and appreciable finding results of asphalt binder aging mechanism were achieved from the chemistry and rheological performance aspects. However, most of these studies were conducted with neat binders, the research of aging mechanism of modified asphalt binder was limited. Nowadays, it is still highly necessary to clarify how the asphalt binder aging happens with the modified asphalt binder, what is the effect of the different modifiers (additives) on the binder aging process, how the rheological performance changes under the thermal oxidative aging conditions and so on. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of isothermal oxidative aging conditions on the rheological performance change of the modified and controlled asphalt binders. There were totally 14 different sorts of asphalt binders had been aged in the PAV pans in the air-force drafted ovens at 50°C, 60°C and 85°C for 0.5 day to 240 days. The Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) were used to perform the experiments. The analysis of rheological indices (Low shear viscosity-LSV, Crossover modulus-G*c, Glover-Rowe Parameter-G-R, DSR function-DSR Fn) as a function of carbonyl area (CA) was conducted. With the SBS modification, both of the hardening susceptibility of the rheological index-LSV and G-R decreases compared with the corresponding base binder. The TR increased the hardening susceptibility of all the rheological indexes. While for the G*c, SBS increases the slope of the most modified asphalt binders except A and B_TR_X series binders. The multiple linear regression statistical analysis results indicate that the oxidative aging conditions play an important role on the CA, and rheological performance indexes. The modifiers-SBS and TR have different directional effect on these parameters. The field asphalt binder carbonyl area prediction was conducted. The pavement temperatures which were calculated by TEMP software were input into MATLAB™ as a parameter with other factors, e.g the asphalt binder oxidative aging parameters, the binder film thickness, the air void radius, etc., to calculate the field asphalt CA value as a function of time out to 20 years. It was found that the different rheological index method resulted different conclusion with the asphalt binder. The SBS modified asphalt binders of A, C version and B version had close average increasing rate of LSV, higher average decreasing rate of G*c, lower average increasing rate of DSR Fn compared with the corresponding base binders. D_HPM had lower average increasing rate of LSV, G*c and DSR Fn than base binder Base D. The tire rubber modified binder B_TR had higher average increasing rate of LSV, DSR Fn, and higher average decreasing rate of G*c than base binder Base B. The main finding of this study was that the modifier SBS and tire rubber can reduce the thermal oxidation aging rate (kf and kc) compared with the corresponding base binder, the activation energy was asphalt binder source dependent. For the hardening susceptibility, the modifiers-SBS, X, Y, Z reduced the HS of LSV and G-R. The tire rubber slightly increased the HS of LSV and G-R. A_PM, B_TR_X_PM reduced the HS of G*c and other modified binders increased the HS of G*c.