Subsistence, Mobility, and Intensity of Residential Site Use: Results of Flaked Stone Analysis at High Rise Village
AdvisorMorgan, Christopher T.
StatisticsView Usage Statistics
The analysis of flaked stone recovered from 10 of High Rise Village’s (48FR5891) 52 habitation features helps elucidate high elevation prehistoric hunter-gatherer behaviors in western Wyoming, including subsistence and settlement patterns and site occupational intensity. This investigation identified a mixed expedient-bifacial pattern, low tool and raw material source diversity, and low artifact density. Rather than a hunting-focused and/or intensive logistical-residential settlement-subsistence strategy that has come to be recognized as common throughout the Rocky Mountains and Intermountain West, High Rise Village was evidently targeted for specific resource patch(-es) by small residentially mobile family groups who foraged for predictable resources for short periods of time. This pattern thereby conforms to previous models for seasonal transhumance-based adaptations in the Rocky Mountains. Furthermore, this research provides evidence for the integral importance of high elevations to prehistoric hunter-gatherers during western Wyoming’s Late Prehistoric Period.