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Subsistence, Mobility, and Intensity of Residential Site Use: Results of Flaked Stone Analysis at High Rise Village
AdvisorMorgan, Christopher T.
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The analysis of flaked stone recovered from 10 of High Rise Village’s (48FR5891) 52 habitation features helps elucidate high elevation prehistoric hunter-gatherer behaviors in western Wyoming, including subsistence and settlement patterns and site occupational intensity. This investigation identified a mixed expedient-bifacial pattern, low tool and raw material source diversity, and low artifact density. Rather than a hunting-focused and/or intensive logistical-residential settlement-subsistence strategy that has come to be recognized as common throughout the Rocky Mountains and Intermountain West, High Rise Village was evidently targeted for specific resource patch(-es) by small residentially mobile family groups who foraged for predictable resources for short periods of time. This pattern thereby conforms to previous models for seasonal transhumance-based adaptations in the Rocky Mountains. Furthermore, this research provides evidence for the integral importance of high elevations to prehistoric hunter-gatherers during western Wyoming’s Late Prehistoric Period.