Percieved Preparedness for the Nurse Preceptor Role
AuthorDanyan, Jessica M.
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The purpose of this study was to examine the confidence level of RN preceptors in meeting specific preceptor role domains of teaching, role modeling and evaluation and identify what factors influence confidence in the RN preceptor. Patricia Benner’s Novice to Expert theory provided the conceptual framework for this study. The author created a demographic questionnaire which included information about age, gender, highest nursing degree, years of nursing practice, department of work, preceptor education, and number of new graduate nurses precepted along with a 1-5 Likert Scale survey titled Perceived Preparedness for the Preceptor Role were emailed out to all RN preceptors (N=340) at the study facility. A total of 133 RN preceptors responded to the survey and 106 surveys were used for analysis. Descriptive statistics were analyzed by cross tabulating demographic information with the results of the survey. The results of this study demonstrated that as the number of years of nursing experience increased, preceptors reported higher levels of confidence in teaching critical thinking skills and setting goals with their preceptee. In addition, as the number of new graduate nurses precepted increased so did the preceptor’s confidence level in teaching to evidence based guidelines and organizational skills. Lastly, preceptors who received RN preceptor education reported being very confident in teaching to evidence based guidelines, organizational skills, role modeling problem solving, and setting goals with their preceptee compared to nurse preceptors who did not receive preceptor education. Overall, preceptors in this study reported being ‘very confident’ in each role domain of teaching, role modeling and evaluation. From these results, implications for nursing practice and future research are discussed.