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Relationship between language impairment and sensory processing disorder
AuthorCasey, Amanda L.
AdvisorVigil, Debra C.
Speech Pathology and Audiology
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Prior research studies have found that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and other neurological disabilities have abnormal sensory responsiveness patterns (Watson et al., 2011). Children with hypo-sensitive sensory profiles were found to have more severe language and attentional problems than those classified as hyper-sensitive or sensory seeking. At present time, little research has been conducted on the correlation of sensory integration issues of neurologically typical children with a language disorder. This study recruited 14 children with language disorders between 3-9 years of age without a neurological disorder, and subsequently conducted evaluations of language, sensory abilities, and adaptive behavior. The study examined correlations between sensory profiles and scores on a language assessment scale. Results indicate a correlation between language disorders and sensory integration issues. This study suggests that therapists need to be aware of this connection, and refer children to occupational therapist for additional therapy as needed.Keywords: neurologically typical, SLI, sensory sensitivity, adaptive development, motor deficits, autism spectrum disorders, SPD