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Development of Low Noise-Broadband Raman Amplification Systems Based on Photonic Crystal Fibers for High Capacity DWDM Networks
AuthorElgamri, Abdelghafor I
Electrical and Biomedical Engineering
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The increased demand from IP traffic, video application and cell backhaul has placed fiber routes under severe stains. The high demands for large bandwidth from enormous numbers from cell sites on a network made the capacity of yesterday’s networks not adequate for today’s bandwidth demand. Carries considered Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) network to overcome this issue. Recently, there has been growing interest in fiber Raman amplifiers due to their capability to upgrade the wavelength-division-multiplexing bandwidth, arbitrary gain bandwidth. In addition, photonic crystal fibers have been widely modeled, studied, and fabricated due to their peculiar properties that cannot be achieved with conventional fibers. The focus of this thesis is to develop a low-noise broadband Raman amplification system based on photonic crystal Fiber that can be implemented in high capacity DWDM network successfully. The design a module of photonic crystal fiber Raman amplifier is based on the knowledge of the fiber cross-sectional characteristics i.e. the geometric parameters and the Germania concentration in the dope area. The module allows to study different air-hole dimension and disposition, with or without a central doped area. In addition the design integrates distributed Raman amplifier and nonlinear optical loop mirror to improve the signal to noise ratio and overall gain in large capacity DWDM networks