A Study of Pain, Experiential Avoidance, and Emotions in Different Skill Levels of Ballet
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Relationships among pain, experiential avoidance, and emotions were examined with ballet dancers of different levels of skill. The Sports Inventory for Pain (SIP), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-Revised (AAQ-R), and Profile of Mood States (POMS) were used to measure pain, experiential avoidance, and emotions, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found among skill groups with respect to coping with pain. Significant positive correlations were found between POMS Vigor and the AAQ-R Action and Willingness subscales. Significant differences among skill groups were found on POMS vigor and the “Iceberg” profile, with the Sacramento Ballet Company (SBC) skill group showing the highest Vigor and “Iceberg” profile scores. Additional differences are discussed.