Tuning the structural and lanthanide luminescence properties of macrocyclic tetraiminodiphenolate europium(III) complexes
AuthorDuncan, Alexandra K.; McBride, Chelsea N.; Benjamin, Tavya G. R.; Madsen, Melanie P.; Bowers, Kyle T.; de Bettencourt-Dias, Ana; Werner, Eric J.
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The synthesis, structural characterization, and luminescence properties of two novel macrocyclic tetraiminodiphenolate europium(III) complexes are reported. The macrocyclic ligands studied bind the lanthanide through four or five donor atoms, leaving space for addnl. nitrate ions or, in soln., solvent mols. within the inner coordination sphere of the Eu3+ ion. Structural aspects of the complexes, [Eu-TIDP-Pr-tBu(NO3)3] (3) and [Eu-TIDP-PrOH-tBu(NO3)3] (4), are probed in soln. via absorption and fluorescence measurements, and in the solid state by IR spectroscopy and x-ray crystallog. Complex 3 crystallizes in the monoclinic P21/n space group with four mols. in the unit cell and cell dimensions a 9.6309(3), b 21.4708(7), c 21.4442(7) �, ? 94.565�. Complex 4 crystallizes in the triclinic P1? space group, also with four mols. per unit cell and cell dimensions a 13.3847(2), b 16.1381(2), c 20.5803(3) �, ? 82.674(1), ? 72.787(1), ? 71.871(1)�. As confirmed by the crystal structure, an extra hydroxyl oxygen atom within the propanol linked deriv. binds the metal center, leading to a significant decrease in solvent mediated quenching of the Eu3+ luminescence of complex 4. Finally, preliminary anion binding studies were conducted and suggest potential application of such complexes in the area of anion sensing via changes in emission intensity when select anions such as phosphate replace metal-bound water mols. in soln. CCDC 1443518 and 1429304. [on SciFinder(R)]