Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Salt-Gradient Solar Pond and Membrane Distillation System for Water Desalination Powered by Renewable Energy
A salt gradient solar pond (SGSP) coupled with a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) system was investigated to desalinate water for reclamation of Walker Lake, a terminal saline lake in Northern Nevada. Two ...
Organic Ionic Salt Draw Solutions for Osmotic Membrane Bioreactors
This investigation evaluates the use of organic ionic salt solutions as draw solutions for specific use in osmotic membrane bioreactors. The osmotic membrane bioreactor is an innovative system, representing a combination ...
Direct-Contact Membrane Distillation: Simplified Flux Prediction, Mass Transfer Mechanisms, and Membrane Cleaning
Membrane distillation (MD) is a thermally-driven membrane separation process that uses the temperature difference at the membrane surfaces as the driving force to separate contaminants from potable water. The capability ...
A Model and Experimental Evaluation of RO-PRO Low Energy Desalination
Reverse osmosis (RO) is currently the most energy efficient desalination technology; however, it requires a great deal of energy to create the high pressures necessary to desalinate seawater. An opposite process of RO, ...
Osmotically-Driven Membrane Processes for Water Reuse and Energy Recovery
Osmotically-driven membrane processes are an emerging class of membrane separation processes that utilize concentrated brines to separate liquid streams. Their versatility of application make them an attractive alternative ...
Evaluation of Pressure-Driven and Novel Membrane Processes for Treatment of Cooling Tower Water
Cooling towers are an essential part of power generating facilities and require large quantities of water for continuous operation. To meet the high water demands, cooling towers use makeup water from various sources. Low ...