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Untreated Depression Predicts Higher Suicide Rates in U.S. Honor Cultures
Osterman and Brown demonstrated that U.S. honor states had higher rates of suicide than non-honor states and related this phenomenon to the higher incidence of depression and a reduced readiness to seek antidepression ...
Ethnicity and Contemporary American Culture: A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Horizontal–Vertical Individualism–Collectivism
The United States is one of the most culturally diverse societies. Research has documented numerous differences in cultural orientations across U.S. ethnic/racial groups. But with continual intergroup interactions and ...
Weber Revisited: A Cross-National Analysis of Religiosity, Religious Culture, and Economic Attitudes
Weber's Protestant Ethic hypothesis holds that elements of theology gave Protestants a cultural affinity with the economic demands of early market capitalism, particularly compared with their Catholic neighbors, which led ...
Language and Self-Construal Priming: A Replication and Extension in a Hong Kong Sample
Previous research has argued that language serves as a cognitive cue to reinforce culturally normative self-construals. We hypothesize that language-priming effects would be stronger for women than men and that they would ...
What Predicts Loneliness? Cultural Difference Between Individualistic and Collectivistic Societies in Europe
Using two multilevel analyses of residents in 12 (1992 Eurobarometer; N = 3,902) and 22 (2006 European Social Survey, N = 38,867) European societies, respectively, we examined loneliness as a function of dominant cultural ...
Attitudes Toward Same?Sex Marriage: An Essentialist Approach
The present research examines the implications of psychological essentialism for attitudes toward same-sex marriage (SSM), a hotly contested policy issue. Based on the literature on psychological essentialism, we tested ...
Separating the Wheat from the Chaff: Does Discriminating Between Diagnostic and Nondiagnostic Information Eliminate the Dilution Effect?
The dilution effect refers to the finding that judgments are often unduly influenced by nondiagnostic information, producing regressive judgment. Because the dilution effect is a problem in various domains, strategies to ...
Individualism, Authoritarianism, and Attitudes Toward Assisted Death: Cross?Cultural, Cross?Regional, and Experimental Evidence
We hypothesized that in individualistic cultures, individualism predicts positive attitudes toward assisted death, whereas authoritarianism is negatively associated with favorable views of this issue. Study I confirmed ...
Carl Ward Backman (1923-2008)
Carl Ward Backman, a long-time fellow of the American Psychological Association, died at his home in Reno, Nevada, on February 16, 2008. He was 84. After earning a doctorate in sociology, he joined the University of Nevada, ...