Now showing items 1795-1814 of 1891

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    Ultrafast Imaging of Laser Driven Shock Waves using Betatron X-rays from a Laser Wakefield Accelerator 

    Wood, J. C.; Chapman, D. J.; Poder, K.; Lopes, N. C.; Rutherford, M. E.; Whites, T. G.; Albert, F.; Behm, K. T.; Booth, N.; Bryant, J. S. J.; Foster, P. S.; Glanzer, S.; Hill, E.; Krushelnick, K.; Najmudin, Z.; Pollock, B. B.; Rose, S.; Schumaker, W.; Scott, R. H. H.; Sherlock, M.; Thomas, A. G. R.; Zhao, Z.; Eakins, D. E.; Mangles, S. P. D. (2018)
    Betatron radiation from laser wakefield accelerators is an ultrashort pulsed source of hard, synchrotron-like x-ray radiation. It emanates from a centimetre scale plasma accelerator producing GeV level electron beams. In ...
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    Ultralow Lattice Thermal Conductivity of the Random Multilayer Structure with Lattice Imperfections 

    Chakraborty, Pranay; Cao, Lei; Wang, Yan (2017)
    Randomizing the layer thickness of superlattices (SL) can lead to localization of coherent phonons and thereby reduces the lattice thermal conductivity kappa l. In this work, we propose strategies that can suppress incoherent ...
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    Ultrathin WO3· 0.33 H2O nanotubes for CO2 photoreduction to acetate with high selectivity 

    Sun, Songmei; Watanabe, Motonori; Wu, Ji; An, Qi; Ishihara, Tatsumi (American Chemical Society, 2018)
    Artificial photosynthesis from CO2 reduction is severely hampered by the kinetically challenging multi-electron reaction process. Oxygen vacancies (Vo) with abundant localized electrons have great potential to overcome ...
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    Unambiguous observation of F-atom core-hole localization in CF4 through body-frame photoelectron angular distributions 

    McCurdy, C. W.; Rescigno, T. N.; Trevisan, C. S.; Lucchese, R. R.; Gaire, B.; Menssen, A.; Schoeffler, M. S.; Gatton, A.; Neff, J.; Stammer, P. M.; Rist, J.; Eckart, S.; Berry, B.; Severt, T.; Sartor, J.; Moradmand, A.; Jahnke, T.; Landers, A. L.; Williams, J. B.; Ben-Itzhak, I.; Doerner, R.; Belkacem, A.; Weber, Th (2017)
    A dramatic symmetry breaking in K-shell photoionization of the CF4 molecule in which a core-hole vacancy is created in one of four equivalent fluorine atoms is displayed in the molecular frame angular distribution of the ...
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    Understanding Agency in Interactions Between Children With Autism and Socially Assistive Robots 

    Short, Elaine Schaertl; Deng, Eric C.; Feil-Seifer, David; Mataric, Maja J. (2017)
    Socially assistive robotics (SAR) has increasingly been shown to have potential as a tool for social skills therapy for children with autism, a developmental disorder associated with atypical social development. This work ...
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    Understanding reliability and some limitations of the images and spectra reconstructed from a multi-monochromatic x-ray imager 

    Nagayama, T.; Mancini, R. C.; Mayes, D.; Tommasini, R.; Florido, R. (2015)
    Temperature and density asymmetry diagnosis is critical to advance inertial confinement fusion (ICF) science. A multi-monochromatic x-ray imager (MMI) is an attractive diagnostic for this purpose. The MMI records the ...
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    Underthrusting and duplexing beneath the northern Tibetan Plateau and the evolution of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogen 

    Zuza, Andrew; Wu, Chen; Wang, Zengzhen; Levy, Drew A.; Li, Bing; Xiong, Xiaosong; Chen, Xuanhua (Lithosphere, 2019)
    The Cenozoic Qilian Shan thrust belt is the northern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, which developed in part due to progressive India-Asia convergence during Himalayan-Tibetan orogeny. Available geologic observations suggest ...
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    Unitary TRPV3 channel Ca2+ influx events elicit endothelium-dependent dilation of cerebral parenchymal arterioles 

    Pires, Paulo W.; Sullivan, Michelle N.; Pritchard, Harry A. T.; Robinson, Jennifer J.; Earley, Scott (2015)
    Cerebral parenchymal arterioles (PA) regulate blood flow between pial arteries on the surface of the brain and the deeper microcirculation. Regulation of PA contractility differs from that of pial arteries and is not ...
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    University of Nevada, Reno Community Faculty Handbook 

    Heiselt, April (2017-08-22)
    University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine Handbook for Community (Volunteer) Faculty. Includes information about UNR Med School administration and structure, participation opportunities for community faculty, UNR Med ...
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    Unpacking Masculinity as a Construct: Ontology, Pragmatism, and an Analysis of Language 

    Sylvester, Merry; Hayes, Steven C. (2010)
    Understanding the target article requires clarity about the foundational assumptions of functional contextualism. In this article, we explain why adoption of a pragmatic truth criterion necessarily implies abandonment of ...
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    Unsupervised Detection of Unclassified Objects via Graph-based Segmentations and Image Saliency Fusion for Automated Incremental Learning 

    Patel, Deev (5/6/2019)
    Current state-of-the-art machine learning systems efficiently identify known classes of objects with a high rate of success. However, their inference capabilities become limited in the presence of objects for which little ...
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    Untreated Depression Predicts Higher Suicide Rates in U.S. Honor Cultures 

    Crowder, Marisa K.; Kemmelmeier, Markus (2014)
    Osterman and Brown demonstrated that U.S. honor states had higher rates of suicide than non-honor states and related this phenomenon to the higher incidence of depression and a reduced readiness to seek antidepression ...
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    Unusual nitro-coordination of Eu(III) and Tb(III) with pyridinyl ligands 

    de Bettencourt-Dias, Ana; Bauer, Sebastian; Viswanathan, Subha; Maull, Brandi C.; Ako, Ayuk M. (2012)
    A new ligand family based on picoline, bipyridine and terpyridine containing a nitro moiety has been synthesized and its coordination and sensitization ability for lanthanide ions has been studied. Three new complexes were ...
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    UPF2-Dependent Nonsense-Mediated mRNA Decay Pathway Is Essential for Spermatogenesis by Selectively Eliminating Longer 3 ' UTR Transcripts 

    Bao, Jianqiang; Vitting-Seerup, Kristoffer; Waage, Johannes; Tang, Chong; Ge, Ying; Porse, Bo T.; Yan, Wei (2016)
    During transcription, most eukaryotic genes generate multiple alternative cleavage and polyadenylation (APA) sites, leading to the production of transcript isoforms with variable lengths in the 3' untranslated region (3' ...
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    Upgrade of repetitive fast-heating fusion driver HAMA to implode a shell target by using diode pumped solid state laser 

    Mori, Yoshitaka; Sekine, Takashi; Komeda, Osamu; Nishimura, Yasuhiko; Sunahara, Atsushi; Miura, Eisuke; Nakayama, Suisei; Hanayama, Ryohei; Ishii, Katsuhiro; Sato, Nakahiro; Kurita, Takashi; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Kan, Hirofumi; Nakamura, Naoki; Kondo, Takuya; Fujine, Manabu; Azuma, Hirozumi; Hioki, Tatsumi; Kakeno, Mitsutaka; Kajino, Tsutomu; Motohiro, Tomoyoshi; Sentoku, Yasuhiko; Kitagawa, Yoneyoshi (2016)
    The HAMA is 1-Hz fast heating fusion driver pumped by a 10 J second-harmonic of diode-pumped Nd:glass laser: KURE-1. We have upgraded HAMA to realize an implosion of spherical shell target by using a remaining fundamental ...
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    Uplift of the central transantarctic mountains 

    Wannamaker, Phil; Hill, Graham; Stodt, John; Maris, Virginie; Ogawa, Yasuo; Selway, Kate; Boren, Goran; Bertrand, Edward; Uhlmann, Daniel; Ayling, Bridget; Green, A. Marie; Feucht, Daniel (2017)
    The Transantarctic Mountains (TAM) are the world's longest rift shoulder but the source of their high elevation is enigmatic. To discriminate the importance of mechanical vs. thermal sources of support, a 550 km-long ...
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    Uplift of the central transantarctic mountains (vol 8, 2017) 

    Wannamaker, Phil; Hill, Graham; Stodt, John; Maris, Virginie; Ogawa, Yasuo; Selway, Kate; Boren, Goran; Bertrand, Edward; Uhlmann, Daniel; Ayling, Bridget; Green, A. Marie; Feucht, Daniel (2018)
    The Transantarctic Mountains (TAM) are the world’s longest rift shoulder but the source of their high elevation is enigmatic. To discriminate the importance of mechanical vs. thermal sources of support, a 550 km-long ...
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    Upregulation of autophagy by Ginsenoside Rg2 in MCF-7 cells 

    Chung, Yuheon; Jeong, Seula; Choi, Hyun Seok; Ro, Seungil; Lee, Jung Sup; Park, Jong Kun (2018)
    Autophagy is a major intracellular degradation process that plays an important role in cell survival, stress responses, nutrient sensing and development. Our previous studies have shown that Rg2, a triterpenoid saponin ...
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    Uranyl Sensitization of Samarium(III) Luminescence in a Two-Dimensional Coordination Polymer 

    Knope, Karah E.; de Lill, Daniel T.; Rowland, Clare E.; Cantos, Paula M.; de Bettencourt-Dias, Ana; Cahill, Christopher L. (2012)
    Heterometallic carboxyphosphonates UO22+/Ln3+ were prepd. from the hydrothermal reaction of uranyl nitrate, lanthanide nitrate (Ln = Sm, Tb, Er, Yb), and phosphonoacetic acid (H3PPA). Compd. 1, (UO2)2(PPA)(HPPA)2Sm(H2O)�2O ...
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    Urinary Clusterin Is Upregulated in Nephropathia Epidemica 

    Martynova, Ekaterina V.; Maksudova, Adelya N.; Shakirova, Venera G.; Abdulkhakov, Sayar R.; Khaertynova, Ilsiyar M.; Anokhin, Vladimir A.; Ivanova, Vilena V.; Abiola, Ilesanmi M.; Garanina, Ekaterina E.; Tazetdinova, Leisan G.; Valiullina, Aigul H.; Khaiboullina, Svetlana F. (2018)
    Kidney insufficiency is a hallmark of nephropathia epidemica (NE). Little is known about the mechanisms of the NE kidney pathology, with current knowledge mainly based on findings in postmortem tissue. We have analyzed ...